“If we get out of here they kill us all, men, women and children, “she explains with big eyes of fear a boy.
Forehead has scars typical sign of recognition of the Nuer tribe and is terrified as the tens of thousands who have sought refuge here in the UN base in Juba, capital of South Sudan an unfortunate.South Sudan is the youngest in the world, black and Christian, born just three years ago after decades of war to secede from the north, the Arab and Islamic world. It was the land of hope.
Now it has fallen back into the spiral of civil war and very close to what looks like a real genocide. On 16 December last year as a result of the clash between President Salva Kiir of ethnic Dinka and the vice president Rieck Machar, belonging to minority Nuer, the members of this minority were attacked: families killed in the home, women raped, children killed in road.
“I saw a little boy screaming do not kill me, please do not wanna die, I’m just a student, I did not do anything wrong! But he was shot the same, “he tells another refugee in the UN bases. The district Gudele to Juba where they lived the Nuer is now a ghost district, banned the press, with the abandoned houses and looted, where like ghosts hovering just soldiers.
“Here we are one step away from genocide” explains Father Daniele Moschetti, provincial superior of Comboninani, “also fighting kids enrolled by force”. Father Raimundo, Brazil, tells me 18 days lived in the bush after his mission to the north has been attacked and looted.
Ten thousand dead, over one hundred thousand refugees who seek refuge behind the gates of the UN base and live in desperate conditions (huts made of cardboard and plastic sheeting), a million displaced people, nearly 4 million are starving. The UN talks about the worst famine in Africa from the 80s.
“Because of the fighting has become extremely difficult to deliver aid to the people” tells Anna Sambo, head of South Sudan AVSI, in this country for some time “Thousands of children do not go to school anymore. So dies all hope for the future. ” With Anna and his colleague Pablo Castellani we reach the most remote villages far from the capital. A jeep ambulance and hours of dirt tracks to reach those who are desperate.
In a village they hit me two girls, with clothes for the occasion. They are so undernourished that they look lost and no longer responds to stimuli. The doctors decided to carry a small hospital for 18 months on its last legs.
“Likely to die at any moment for dehydration and diarrhea,” explains Maria Gaudenzi, responsible for the area of Ishoe AVSI.
The ambulance challenge rain and mud. When we review the child after a few hours and the first treatment in the hospital of Isohe smiles.
It’s called Ilam Surprise, “Surprise.” A little hope. In a country where 20 years after the tragedy of Rwanda no one seems to have learned nothing.